Learning is relatively permanent change in behaviour resulting from conditions of practice or experience. Also it is the act of acquiring new or modifying and reinforcing existing knowledge, behaviour, skill or value or preferences.
According to Edward Gates, ”Learning is the modification of behaviour through experience and training.
Erikson similarly opines that, “Learning is a process which improves our efficiency of working and making adjustments.
Therefore, we can say it is a process which can be inferred from the change in performance. Furthermore it does not happen all at once, but builds upon, and this is saved by their previous knowledge. There are some basic factors of it which includes-
(d) Stimulus response association.
“You cannot open a book without learning something.”
Individual behavior is manifested at three levels such as cognitive level, affective level and psycho motor level. As such there are three types of learning and these are cognitive, affective and psycho motor learning.
Cognition refers to the processing of information about the environment that is received through our senses. Accordingly, cognitive learning process involves learning of concepts, principles, rules etc. Moreover cognitive learning is concerned with the intellectual aspects of the mental process. The six levels of learning in this domain are:
It is concerned with ones feelings as well as emotions. That is to say it refers to the changes in interests, attitudes, and values and development of appreciation and adequate adjustment.
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It deals with abilities and skills which are physical in nature but activated by mental process. For example- touching, using tool, drawing, swimming and cycling etc.
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”
A number of factors affects the learners learning. Among these the most important are:
1) Personal factor:Various personal factors of a person that affects the learning process are-
(a) Personal fitness
(b) Free form fatigue as well as boredom,
(c) Drill and practice,
(d) Age and experience
2) Methods of Teaching: Methods of teaching also affects the learning process. Therefore, methods are designed in accordance with the individual difference and needs of students would be more fruitful.
3) Psychological or temperamental factor: Psychological or temper mental factor affects learners learning includes-
(a) Goal or interest of learner to learn
(b) Interest and motivation
(c) Attitude and aptitude.
(d) Emotional Conditions,
(e) Guidance and counselling, and
(f) Mental Health
4) School or environmental factors: Various environmental factors also affects learners learning. For instance-
(a) Physical facilities
(b) Teaching method
(c) Administrative skills,
(d) Method of discipline
(e) Coordination between home and school.
5) Society: Since man is a social animal. Hence, every society posses certain aims, objectives, ideals, values, custom and tradition, culture etc. Therefore, we can say the society helps an individual in the socialization process. It helps an individual to acquire certain qualities and values such as mercy, love, honesty, truthfulness, ethics cooperation etc.