Naturalism is the philosophy that separates nature from God, subordinates spirit to matter and set up unchangeable laws as supreme. In naturalism efforts are made to develop personality of a child in order to make him a natural man. According to naturalism, the personality of the child disintegrates in the attempt for making it cultured and civilized. It is like destroying the useful elements of food in the attempt of making it delicious.
Rousseau, in his book ‘Emile’, advises to follow the nature. According to him , the teaching process should not be difficult , rather it should be made easy as far as possible and children should get opportunities for contact with nature, experience reality directly and discover the process of learning themselves, instead of making them dependent on written word.
According to Naturalism there are two types of nature that is (i) Physical Nature and (ii) Psychology of the Child. They believes that when psychology of the child corresponds with physical nature than only learning happens.
“One touch of nature makes the whole world kin.” –William Shakespeare